Seventy-five percent of Dutch Jews were murdered by the Nazis. It is the largest number of Jews, proportionally, in any country of occupied Europe. More Dutch Jews were exterminated than Jews from other countries.
Two outstanding articles in the 1998 volume of The Netherlands’ Journal of Social Sciences are dedicated to the persecution of Jews in Holland during and after the war by non-Jewish Dutch citizens and by the municipal governments in major Dutch cities.
Professors Pim Griffigen and Ron Zeller of the Netherlands Institute for War Documentation published an informative article entitled “The Persecution of the Jews: Comparing Belgium and the Netherlands”. Their statistics show a marked difference of the treatment of Jews in both countries.
Belgium emerged as being the kindest of the two nations to their Jewish citizens. Many Belgian Christians hid Jews or placed them in Christian homes for the duration of the war. Very few Belgians were informers to the Gestapo concerning who was a Jew and where Jews could be found.
Quite the contrary to Holland whose national police fully collaborated with the occupying authorities and searched out hidden Jews throughout the country, turning them over to the Germans for deportation and extermination.
A lengthy and historically enlightening article, “Persecution Remembered: the Construction of a National Trauma”, was published by Professor Ido De Haan of the history faculty of the University of Amsterdam.
In light of the facts, a good argument could be made that those who have benefited the most from the publication of Anne's diary aren't the Jews, it's the Dutch. And an unintended consequence of the diary's popularity is that it has enabled them to maintain an aura of smugness as they evade their dreadful wartime and post-war record vis-à-vis the Jews.He describes, page after page, the numbers of Jews who were arrested by Dutch police, the number of Dutch informers to the Gestapo, the bitter treatment of Jews fleeing from their homes to seek shelter among non-Jewish families, the small number of Dutch Christians who risked their own lives to save Jews, and the terrible treatment given to surviving Jews who returned to Holland after the war...